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  • Writer's pictureWayne Drury

Managing Hypoglycemia Risk During Exercise With Type 2 Diabetes

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Exercise is crucial for managing type 2 diabetes, but it can pose a hypoglycemia risk.  Read the whole story here from 




For individuals with type 2 diabetes, exercise is crucial for managing blood sugar levels and overall health. However, one of the challenges of exercising with diabetes is the risk of hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar.  Hypoglycemia can occur during or after physical activity, making it essential to take proactive measures to manage blood sugar levels effectively. In this article, we'll explore some practical tips for minimizing the risk of hypoglycemia while exercising with type 2 diabetes. 


Understanding Hypoglycemia 


Hypoglycemia happens when blood sugar levels drop below normal, typically below 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL).  Common symptoms include shakiness, dizziness, sweating, confusion, and weakness. Exercise can increase the body's sensitivity to insulin, leading to a greater risk of hypoglycemia, especially if insulin or certain medications are involved in managing diabetes. 


Tips for Managing Hypoglycemia Risk During Exercise 


Monitor Blood Sugar Levels:  Before, during, and after exercise, it's crucial to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly. This will help you understand how your body responds to physical activity and allow you to adjust your management plan accordingly on the advice of your healthcare provider. 


Choose the Right Time: Timing your exercise routine can significantly impact your blood sugar levels. Avoid exercising when your insulin levels are peaking, as this can increase the risk of hypoglycemia. Opt for moderate-intensity workouts after meals or when your blood sugar levels are stable. 


Snack Wisely:  Consuming a balanced snack before exercising can help prevent hypoglycemia. Choose foods that provide a mix of carbohydrates, protein, and healthy fats to sustain energy levels throughout your workout. Good options include whole grain crackers with peanut butter, a piece of fruit with Greek yogurt, or a handful of nuts and seeds. 


Stay Hydrated:  Dehydration can exacerbate the effects of hypoglycemia, so it's essential to stay hydrated before, during, and after exercise. Drink water regularly, especially if you engage in prolonged physical activity or exercise in hot weather. 


Adjust Medications:  Consult your healthcare provider about adjusting your insulin or medication dosage to accommodate your exercise routine. They can provide personalized recommendations based on your current health status, medications, and fitness goals.  


Carry Glucose Tablets or Snacks:  Always carry fast-acting carbohydrates, such as glucose tablets, juice boxes, or energy gels, with you during exercise. If you experience symptoms of hypoglycemia, these can quickly raise your blood sugar levels. And, even when not exercising, carrying these treats with you is a good idea. 


Gradually Increase Intensity:  If you are new to exercise or planning to increase the intensity of your workouts, do so gradually. This allows your body to adapt to the changes in physical activity and minimizes the risk of sudden drops in blood sugar levels. And please remember, always consult with your healthcare provider before making changes to your lifestyle regimes. 




For individuals with type 2 diabetes, managing hypoglycemia risk during exercise is essential to staying safe and healthy.  By following these tips, you can enjoy the benefits of physical activity while minimizing the chances of low blood sugar episodes.  Remember to listen to your body, monitor your blood sugar levels regularly, and work closely with your healthcare provider to develop a safe and effective exercise plan. With proper precautions and preparation, you can maintain stable blood sugar levels and confidently achieve your fitness goals living a healthy lifestyle with type 2 diabetes. 


Best wishes from us all at 

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